Well if you are a beginner in photography, everyone will tell you to focus on the subject, which focus mode to be used, how to compose a subject, what will be the lights on the subject, how much exposure should be there on the subject, etcetera etcetera. But what about the background?
As you will start researching background composition in photography, that is when you will get to know about the ” Bokeh effect “ which some people also call it ” Boca effect “.
1. Which one is correct, Boca or Bokeh?
Now let’s clear out this doubt in the very beginning. The correct word for this effect is ” Bokeh ” pronounced as” Bow-Kei ” while the word ” Boca “means ” Mouth “in Spanish. There are other different meanings of the word Boca but none of them are related to photography. So if you were wondering what is Boca in photography? then here is your answer. Boca, the term used in photography is nothing but a bokeh effect.
2. What is the Bokeh effect?
The bokeh effect is an art of making the background “out-of-focus” or “burry” by using a camera lens such that it separates the subject from the background by introducing a shallow depth of field in the image.
In Leman’s language, the Bokeh effect is simply another term for background blur. Specifically, a background with small fuzzy spots of light and other out-of-focus objects.
Do You know:
The word Bokeh is actually, Japenese term for the word “Blurr”.
3. How to achieve bokeh in an image?
3.1 What does Shallow depth of field mean?
Before knowing what is a shallow depth of field, let us first find out what depth of field (DOF) means.
Depth of field (DOF) represents the sharpness of an object that is under focus by the camera.
A shallow depth of field is achieved when there is a smaller range of focus or the focus distance(distance between the object in focus and the camera) is less.
Smaller the focal distance, shallower the Depth of Field.
3.2 How to achieve Shallow depth of field?
Let us understand these terms and know, how can we achieve shallow depth of field by using these factors
Larger aperture value = Shallow depth of field
Distance between subject and camera :
Less distance between subject and camera = Shallow depth of field
Long focal length = Shallow depth of field
Example of Bokeh effect
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