As you will start researching about background composition in photography, that is when you will get to know about the ” Bokeh effect “ some people also call it ” Boca effect “.
1. Which one is correct, Boca or Bokeh?
Now lets clear out this doubt in the very beginning. The correct word for this effect is
” Bokeh ”
which is pronounced as
” Bow-Kei “
while the word ” Boca “
” Mouth “
in Spanish. There are other different meanings of the word Boca but none of them are related to photography.
So if you were wondering what is Boca in photography? then here is your answer. Boca is nothing but bokeh effect.
2. What is Bokeh effect?
The bokeh effect is an art of making the background “out-of-focus” or “burry” by using camera lens such that it separates the subject from the background by introducing a shallow depth of field in the image.
In leman language, Bokeh effect is simply another term for background blur. Specifically, a background with small fuzzy spots of lights and other out of focus objects.
Do You know:
The word Bokeh is actually, Japenese term for the word “Blurr”.
3. How to achieve bokeh in an image?
3.1 What does Shallow depth of field mean?
Before knowing what is a shallow depth of field, let us first find out what does depth of field (DOF) means.
Depth of field (DOF) represents the sharpness of an object that is under focus by the camera.
Shallow depth of field is achieved when there is a smaller range of focus or the focus distance(
distance between the object in focus and the camera
) is less.
Smaller the focal distance, shallower the Depth of Field.
3.2 How to achieve Shallow depth of field?
Larger aperture value = Shallow depth of field
Distance between subject and camera :
Less distance between subject and camera = Shallow depth of field
Long focal length = Shallow depth of field
4. What is good and bad bokeh effect?
Let us get an idea on what is categorized under good or bad bokeh effect.
- There are no hard edges or sharpness in the background.
- There are smooth soft light spots nicely distributed in your background.
- The background is not too much bright and distracting.
- The bokeh effect doesn’t overpower the subject.
- The whole image is easy to look at and treat to viewer’s eye.
Definition of bad bokeh usually varies from person to person. While some photographers do not like to add really bold bokeh effect in their photos, so they call it as a bad bokeh effect, others might actually like it and hence the kind of effect is not so bad for them.
But generally, bellow mentioned points must be avoided to obtain a perfect bokeh effect.
- Background draws attention from the subject in focus
- Excessive clustering of bokeh light spots.
- There are hard outer lines (Onion ring effect) on your bokeh light spots.
- There is a bushy effect in your bokeh.
|Bokeh effect with hard outer lines|
|Excessive clustering of bokeh light|
5. Difference between the Bokeh effect and Background Blur
“A picture is worth a thousand words”
. Instead of explaining the difference between Bokeh effect and background blur, I will leave it for you to understand by observing the below images.
|Example for Bokeh effect|
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